Bella Smiles offers a full range of periodontal therapy services to address various stages of gum disease. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of adult tooth loss. When left untreated, gum disease can increase your risk of developing serious oral health concerns that may affect the function, appearance, and health of your smile. Maintaining healthy gums can encourage an overall healthy smile.
During your preventive care exam, your Bella Smiles dentist will examine the teeth, mouth, and gums for any signs of gum disease. Catching periodontal disease early can minimize your chance of experiencing extensive damage to the teeth and gums. Our dental care team can make recommendations to improve the health of your smile.
Signs of Gum Disease
- Common signs of gum disease include:
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Bleeding gums
- Receding Gums
- Loose teeth
- Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Changes in the fit of dentures
Stages of Periodontal Disease
During the early stage of gum disease, most patients don’t exhibit any symptoms. It is important to visit an experienced dentist for a thorough evaluation of your teeth and gums. Periodontal disease is a progressive infection of the gums that gets worse if left untreated.
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. During gingivitis, patients may notice symptoms like bleeding gums, swollen gums, and bad breath. Treating gum disease in the earliest stage may reduce damage to the gums and teeth.
Periodontitis: Periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gum disease. During periodontitis, patients may experience symptoms like receding gums, halitosis, shifting teeth, and even tooth loss.
Treating Gum Disease with Non-surgical Periodontal Treatments
During your appointment, Drs. Lotardo, Pop or Caesar will perform a full comprehensive exam to determine the stage and severity of any existing periodontal disease. Your dentist will create a treatment plan based on your needs.
- Antibacterial Rinse: For mild gum disease or persistent gingivitis we will often recommend using an at home anti-bacterial rinse which will maintain gum health between visits. Dr. Pop may recommend using antibacterial rinses with another periodontal therapy services to effectively treat the teeth and gums.
- Scaling and Root Planing: This treatment method is an intensive dental cleaning that removes bacteria from the gums. Using special tools, your dental care team will scrape away plaque and tartar buildup and remove bacteria from the deep gum pockets where it forms. Removing the bacteria from the pockets in the early stages of development can help prevent gum recession and tooth loss.
- Laser dentistry: Using state of the art dental lasers, we can remove harmful gum disease-causing bacteria without the need for surgery, sutures or long downtime in our dentist office. The use of dental lasers has made treating gum disease more effective and far less painful. A laser can be used to remove diseased tissue while stimulating healing to restore healthy gums.
Gum Disease FAQs
Can gum disease be reversed?
Yes. Gum disease is treatable and can be reversed with dental treatments. It is easily treatable if caught in the early stages of development. If you have gums that bleed regularly, visit your dentist for a deep dental cleaning and exam.
What can I expect after scaling and root planing?
After scaling and root planing for the later stages of gum disease, you can expect your gums to be sore for a couple of days while they naturally heal and grow healthy soft tissue. Your fresh gums will be sensitive to hot and cold foods for a short period. Avoid eating spicy and acidic food as well.
How can I prevent gum disease from returning?
The easiest way to prevent gum disease from returning is to brush your teeth gently at least twice a day, use mouthwash every time, and floss! Your dentist may also prescribe an antibacterial rinse to accompany your oral health routine.